Algae in cooling water – what to do?

The cooling water, or rather the microbiological values of cooling water, have come into the focus of the authorities. For instance in Germany the 42nd edition of the Federal Emissions Ordinance regulates exactly how to deal with Legionella in cooling water. In detail it is about the risk in evaporative cooling systems. In other words, in cooling towers in open cooling systems. In many countries there are either local regulations or regulations from, for example the European Community.

What do algae in cooling water have to do with Legionella?

Algae in cooling waterIf algae are found in the cooling water, it can be assumed that the ambient conditions are suitable for microbiological growth. This means that sufficient nutrients and heat are available for the growth of algae or bacteria. As a rule, the algae are carried off into the entire system. From the cooling tower through the pipes to the heat exchangers. The biofilm forms in the cooling water system, usually first at less flow-through points. This biofilm is the breeding ground and at the same time the food source of legionella and other bacteria.

What to do against algae growth in the cooling water?

The regulations (VDI 2047 part 2) say from a bacterial count of 1000 CFU/100ml a biocide shock dosing should be carried out. Not only does that sound expensive, it is. In the case of larger cooling towers, a shock dosing can easily cost several hundred euros.
A Swabian housewife or a Scottish guy (both know to keep their money tight togehter) would try everything to prevent Legionella in higher concentrations in the cooling water. So working on the cause rather than just treating symptoms.

Merus reduces the growth of algae

As has been proven in many cases, algae do not feel comfortable in water treated by Meru’s rings. They reproduce less quickly and turn brown faster. The brown algae fall to the ground and collect at the bottom in the sump of the cooling tower. If the total number of algae is lower, the Bioflim gets less food in the cooling water. So this also makes it weaker. And is gradually dissolved by the Merus rings. If no biofilm is left in the system, it will also be very difficult for the legionella to reproduce.

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